You can find on this page the Turkey geographical map to print and to download in PDF. The Turkey geographic map presents the topography, elevation, rivers, mountains, climate and physical features of Turkey in Asia.
Geographically, Turkey forms a natural land bridge between the old world continents of Asia, Africa and Europe. The Anatolian peninsula is the westernmost point of Asia, divided from Europe by the Bosphorus and Dardanelles straits. Thrace is the western part of Turkey on the European continent as its shown in Turkey geography map.

Turkey physical map

Physical map of Turkey

The Turkey physical map shows landform and geography of Turkey. This geographical map of Turkey will allow you to discover physical features of Turkey in Asia. The Turkey physical map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.

There are different physical features of Turkey. These features are arranged on two main sections of land, 3% in Europe (Thrace) and the rest of the landmass, including Anatolia, in Asia and Istanbul is the main city on the planet straddled on two main lands, isolated by the Bosphorus path, which keeps running from the Black Sea through Istanbul and into the inland Sea of Marmara which courses through the Dardanelles and out to the Aegean as its mentioned in Turkey physical map. You can visit this place via Tourjy with great discount.

Examination of Turkey topographic structure on a physical map of the world shows clearly the country high elevation in comparison to its neighbors, half of the land area being higher than 1000 meters (3281 feet) and two thirds higher than 800 meters. Mountain ranges extend in an east-west direction parallel to the north and south coasts, and these are a principal factor in determining ecological conditions. This also means that apart from the Asi river in Anatolia and the Meriç in Thracian Turkey, all Turkey rivers have their sources within its borders and flow into the sea, into neighboring countries or into interior drainages.

Turkey has seven river basins as you can see in Turkey physical map. The principal rivers in the Black Sea basin being the Sakarya, Kizilirmak Yesilirmak and Çoruh. There are also several rivers with short courses but high water flows in the Eastern Black Sea region, such as the Ikizdere, Hursit Cayi and Firtina. The highest waterfall in Turkey is on the Totum river here.

Turkey topographic map

Map of Turkey topography

Turkey topographic map shows the physical features of Turkey. This topographical map of Turkey will allow you to discover landforms and geographical of Turkey in Asia. The Turkey topographic map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.

Turkey varied landscapes are the product of a wide variety of tectonic processes that have shaped Anatolia over millions of years and continue today as evidenced by frequent earthquakes and occasional volcanic eruptions as its shown in Turkey topographic map. Except for a relatively small portion of its territory along the Syrian border that is a continuation of the Arabian Platform, Turkey geologically is part of the great Alpide belt that extends from the Atlantic Ocean to the Himalaya Mountains. This topographic belt was formed during the Tertiary Period (about 65 million to 1.6 million B.C.), as the Arabian, African, and Indian continental plates began to collide with the Eurasian plate.

Anatolian Plate escapes towards the west and southwest along strike-slip faults. These are the North Anatolian Fault Zone, which forms the present day plate boundary of Eurasia near the Black Sea coast, and the East Anatolian Fault Zone, which forms part of the boundary of the North Arabian Plate in the southeast. As a result, Turkey lies on one of the world seismically most active regions as its mentioned in Turkey topographic map. However, many of the rocks exposed in Turkey were formed long before this process began. Turkey contains outcrops of Precambrian rocks, (more than 520 million years old; Bozkurt et al., 2000). The earliest geological history of Turkey is poorly understood, partly because of the problem of reconstructing how the region has been tectonically assembled by plate motions.

More than 80% of the land surface in Turkey is rough, broken, and mountainous, and therefore is of limited agricultural value. The topographic terrain ruggedness is accentuated in the eastern part of the country, where the two mountain ranges converge into a lofty region with a median elevation of more than 1,500 meters as you can see in Turkey topographic map, which reaches its highest point along the borders with Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran.

Turkey elevation map

Map of Turkey altitude

The Turkey elevation map shows the different altitudes of Turkey. This altitude map of Turkey will allow you to know where are the highest and lowest regions of Turkey in Asia. The Turkey elevation map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.

Nearly 85% of the land is at an elevation of at least 450 meters; the average and median altitude of the country is 1,332 and 1,128 meters, respectively as its shown in Turkey elevation map. In Asiatic Turkey, flat or gently sloping land is rare and largely confined to the deltas of the Kızıl River, the coastal plains of Antalya and Adana, and the valley floors of the Gediz River and the Büyükmenderes River, and some interior high plains in Anatolia, mainly around Tuz Gölü (Salt Lake) and Konya Ovasi (Konya Basin). Moderately sloping terrain is limited almost entirely outside Thrace to the hills of the Arabian Platform along the border with Syria.

Mount Ararat is a snow-capped, dormant volcanic cone in Turkey. It has two peaks: Greater Ararat (the highest peak in Turkey, and the entire Armenian plateau with an elevation of 5,137 m/16,854 ft) and Lesser Ararat (with an elevation of 3,896 m/12,782 ft) as its mentioned in Turkey elevation map. The Ararat massif is about 40 km (25 mi) in diameter. The Iran-Turkey boundary skirts east of Lesser Ararat, the lower peak of the Ararat massif. It was in this area that, by the Tehran Convention of 1932, a border change was made in Turkey favour, allowing it to occupy the eastern flank of Lesser Ararat.

About one-fourth of the surface in Turkey has an elevation above 4,000 feet (1,200 metres), and less than two-fifths lies below 1,500 feet (460 metres) as you can see in Turkey elevation map. The terrain ruggedness is accentuated in the eastern part of the country, where the two mountain ranges converge into a lofty region with a median elevation of more than 1,500 meters, which reaches its highest point along the borders with Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran.

Turkey rivers map

Map of Turkey rivers

The rivers in Turkey map shows the principal rivers with their names of Turkey. The rivers map of Turkey will allow you to find the main rivers which flow in and through Turkey in Asia. The Turkey rivers map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.

Eight main drainage basins may be discerned, of which two cross the country frontiers and six are entirely within Turkish territory as its shown in Turkey rivers map. The smallest, in the far east of the country, is that of the Aras River, which rises south of Erzurum and flows east for some 250 miles (400 km) to the frontier with Azerbaijan, eventually reaching the Caspian Sea.

The bulk of eastern Turkey, however, is drained by the Euphrates (Fırat) and Tigris rivers, which flow south for some 780 miles (1,250 km) and 330 (530 km) miles, respectively, before entering Syria and then Iraq, where they converge to enter the Persian Gulf (see Tigris-Euphrates river system) as its mentioned in Turkey rivers map.

Most of the rivers in Turkey flowing to the Black Sea are short torrential streams incised into the Pontic Mountains, but several have developed lengthy inland sections and tributaries running parallel to the east-west ranges of northern Turkey as you can see in Turkey rivers map. These rivers include the Yenice (Filyos), Çoruh, Kelkit, Yeşil, and Kızıl. One of the largest basins is that of the Sakarya River, which covers about 500 miles (800 km) from its source, southwest of Ankara, to its mouth, north of Adapazarı.

Turkey mountains map

Map of Turkey mountains

The mountains in Turkey map shows the principal mountains with their names in Turkey. The mountains map of Turkey will allow you to find the main mountains ranges and highest mountains of Turkey in Asia. The Turkey mountains map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.

Rising from all four directions, mountains encircle the peninsula of Anatolia. Turkey is a predominantly mountainous country, and true lowland is confined to the coastal fringes as its shown in Turkey mountains map. Taurus Mountains, Turkish Toros Dağlari, mountain range in southern Turkey, a great chain running parallel to the Mediterranean coast.

Mountain crests exceed 7,500 feet (2,300 metres) in many places, particularly in the east, where Turkey highest mountain, Mount Ararat (Ağrı), reaches 16,945 feet (5,165 metres) close to the borders with Armenia and Iran. In the southeast the Uludoruk Peak reaches 15,563 feet (4,744 metres); though further west, the Demirkazık Peak (12,320 feet [3,755 metres]) and Mount Aydos (11,414 feet [3,479 metres]) are also significant peaks as its mentioned in Turkey mountains map.

The northern folded zone comprises a series of mountain ridges, increasing in elevation toward the east, that occupy a belt about 90 to 125 miles (145 to 200 km) wide immediately south of the Black Sea as you can see in Turkey mountains map. The system as a whole is referred to as the Pontic Mountains (Doğukaradeniz Dağları). In the west the system has been fractured by the faulting that produced the Turkish straits; in Thrace the Ergene lowlands are among the largest in the country, and the main mountain range—the Yıldız (Istranca)—reaches only 3,379 feet (1,030 metres).

Turkey climate map

Map of Turkey temperature

The Turkey climate map shows average temperature and climate zones of Turkey. This climate map of Turkey will allow you to know weather, average precipitation, average sunshine and different climates of Turkey in Asia. The Turkey climate map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.

Turkey diverse regions have different climates, with the weather system on the coasts contrasting with that prevailing in the interior. The Aegean and Mediterranean coasts have cool, rainy winters and hot, moderately dry summers. Annual precipitation in those areas varies from 580 to 1,300 millimeters (22.8 to 51.2 in), depending on location as its shown in Turkey climate map. Generally, rainfall is less to the east. The Black Sea coast receives the greatest amount of precipitation and is the only region of Turkey that receives high precipitation throughout the year. The eastern part of that coast averages 2,500 millimeters (98.4 in) annually which is the highest precipitation in the country.

Mountains close to the coast prevent Mediterranean influences from extending inland, giving the interior of Turkey a continental climate with distinct seasons. The Anatolian Plateau is much more subject to extremes than are the coastal areas. Winters on the plateau are especially severe. Temperatures of -30 to -40 °C (-22 to -40 °F) can occur in the mountainous areas in the east, and snow may lie on the ground 120 days of the year. In the west, winter temperatures average below 1 °C (33.8 °F). Summers are hot and dry, with temperatures above 30 °C (86 °F) as its metioned in Turkey climate map. Annual precipitation averages about 400 millimeters (15.7 in) , with actual amounts determined by elevation.

The climate of the Anti-Taurus Mountain region of eastern Turkey can be inhospitable. Summers tend to be hot and extremely dry. Winters are bitterly cold with frequent, heavy snowfall. Villages can be isolated for several days during winter storms. Spring and autumn are generally mild, but during both seasons sudden hot and cold spells frequently occur. The driest regions as you can see in Turkey climate map are the Konya Ovasi and the Malatya Ovasi, where annual rainfall frequently is less than 300 millimeters (11.8 in). May is generally the wettest month and July and August the driest.